Average long-term U.S. mortgage rates jumped again this past week, reaching their highest level since March 2020, just as the coronavirus pandemic was breaking in the U.S.
Mortgage buyer Freddie Mac reported on Jan. 13 that the average rate on the benchmark 30-year home loan rose to 3.45 percent this week from 3.22 percent last week. It was at 3.5 percent in late March of 2020 when the pandemic was just starting. A year ago, the 30-year rate stood at 2.79 percent.
The average rate on 15-year, fixed-rate mortgages, popular among those refinancing their homes, rose to 2.62 percent from 2.43 percent last week.
“This was driven by the prospect of a faster than expected tightening of monetary policy in response to continued inflation exacerbated by uncertainty in labor and supply chains,” said Sam Khater, Freddie Mac’s chief economist. “The rise in mortgage rates so far this year has not yet affected purchase demand, but given the fast pace of home price growth, it will likely dampen demand in the near future.”
Available housing has been in short supply since long before the pandemic started, and prices have risen close to 20 percent in the past year. Higher mortgage rates could make it even harder for homebuyers to secure a new home.
Mortgage rates have been expected to rise this year after the Federal Reserve announced last month that it would begin dialing back its monthly bond purchases — which are intended to lower long-term rates — to slow accelerating inflation. But even with the expected three or four rate increases in 2022, the Fed’s benchmark rate would still be historically low at around 1 percent.
On Wednesday, the government reported that inflation spiked to 7 percent in December from a year earlier, the sharpest such increase in four decades. Earlier, the Labor Department reported that prices at the wholesale level surged by a record 9.7 percent in December from a year earlier.
In addition to surging inflation, experts expect robust economic growth and the tight labor market to continue to push rates higher.