Preventive care is vital to maintaining overall health throughout adulthood. Though preventive care is often discussed in terms of diet, wellness checkups and physical activity, recognition of various threats to long-term health is equally important.
Certain women’s health conditions garner more attention than others. For example, efforts to raise awareness of breast cancer are extensive and widely known. But other women’s health issues have a tendency to fall off the radar, even if their prevalence merits greater consideration. The following are four significant and less publicized women’s health issues, recognition of which could potentially save lives.
Heart disease: A 2020 report from the American Heart Association indicated that, in 2009, 65 percent of women were aware that heart disease is their leading cause of death. By 2019, that figure had dropped to 44 percent. In addition, in its 2019 Global Burden of Disease Study, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation estimated there are 275 million women around the world with cardiovascular disease. Often and incorrectly considered a disease for men, heart disease poses a significant threat to women as well. Women can speak with their physicians about their heart disease risk and what they can do to maintain their long-term heart health.
Diabetes: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that African American, Hispanic/Latina, American Indian/Alaska Native, and Asian/Pacific Islander women are more likely to have diabetes than white women. But any woman can get diabetes, and the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services reports that type 2 diabetes is more common in adults who are 45 and older. The CDC also reports that diabetes increases the risk for heart disease in women by about four times compared to two times for men, which underscores how great a threat the disease is for women. Women can speak to their physicians about the significance of checking their blood sugar and the role diet and exercise can play in reducing diabetes risk.
Urinary tract infections: The Office on Women’s Health notes that women get urinary tract infections up to 30 times more often than men. In addition, a 2016 report in the journal American Family Physician indicated that between 30 and 44 percent of women will have a second UTI within six months of an initial infection. The OWH indicates urinating when the need arises, drinking between six and eight glasses of water per day and additional hygiene measures are some ways to potentially prevent a UTI. Women can discuss more specific measures with their physicians.
Alzheimer’s disease: The Alzheimer’s Association notes that almost two-thirds of Americans living with Alzheimer’s are women. Figures are similar in Canada, where data from the Alzheimer Society indicates that just under 62 percent of those living with dementia in 2020 were women. The life expectancy of women is still longer than it is for men, which may explain the greater incidence rates of Alzheimer’s among women. However, women can still speak with their physicians about lifestyle choices that could reduce their risk of developing Alzheimer’s.